Children and adolescents have the right to a quality education that contributes to the knowledge of their own rights and,  based on a human rights and substantive equality approach, that guarantees respect for their human dignity; the harmonious development of their potential and personality, and strengthen respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, under the terms of article 3 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, the General Education Law, and other applicable provisions.

Those who exercise parental authority, guardianship, or guardianship, and custody, will have the right to intervene in the education that will be given to children and adolescents, in terms of the provisions of article 103 of this Law.

The authorities, within the scope of their respective powers, will guarantee the achievement of quality education and substantive equality in access to and permanence in it, for which they must:


  • Provide the educational attention that children and adolescents require for their full development, for which the respective programs must consider age, maturity, particular circumstances, and cultural traditions.
  • Adopt measures aimed at the full exercise of the right to education.
  • Establish measures to guarantee free compulsory public education and to ensure material, economic and geographic accessibility to education, without discrimination.
  • Establish the necessary conditions to strengthen the educational quality, such as the relevance and pertinence of the curriculum, the provision of adequate infrastructure and equipment for learning and teaching practices, and teacher evaluation, among others.
  • Allocate adequate and sufficient human, material and budgetary resources to guarantee quality education for girls, boys, and adolescents.
  • Adapt the educational system to the specific conditions, interests, and contexts of children and adolescents to guarantee their permanence in the educational system.
  • Establish affirmative actions to guarantee the right to education of children and adolescents from groups and regions with the greatest educational gap,  dispersed or facing situations of vulnerability due to specific circumstances of socioeconomic, physical, mental, cultural identity, ethnic origin or national, migratory situation or, related to aspects of gender, sexual preference, religious beliefs or cultural practices.
  • Provide educational services in minimum normal conditions, understood as the set of essential conditions that must be met in each school for the good performance of the teaching task and the achievement of student learning.
  • Implement mechanisms for the attention, channeling and monitoring of cases that constitute violations of the right to education of girls, boys and adolescents.
  • Promote harmonious school coexistence and the generation of mechanisms for discussion, debate and peaceful resolution of conflicts.
  • Form a responsible multidisciplinary body that establishes mechanisms for the prevention, attention and channeling of cases of mistreatment, harm, damage, aggression, abuse or any other form of violence against girls, boys and adolescents that arise in educational centers.
  • Action protocols are drawn up on situations of bullying or school violence for staff and for those who exercise parental authority, guardianship or guardianship and custody.
  • Guarantee full respect for the right to education and the inclusion of children and adolescents with disabilities at all levels of the National Education System, developing and applying rules and regulations that prevent discrimination and accessibility conditions in educational facilities, provide the didactic, material and technical support and have trained teaching staff.


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