According to the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health is not only the absence of mental disorders, but a state of well-being in which each person can realize their own potential, cope with the normal stresses of life, work productively, and fruitfully, and contribute to life. of your community. Mental health is also considered a condition that contributes to the most complete physical, mental, and emotional development of a person. This is a state of balance of various mental properties and processes, the ability to master them, adequately use and develop them, which allows a person to function harmoniously in society. Mental health includes a high consciousness, developed thinking, and a great inner moral force that encourages creative activity. Mental health is an integral part of health; without mental health, there is no health. Mental health is determined by socioeconomic, biological, and environmental factors.

Mental Health Facts

  • Between 10 and 20 percent of children and adolescents worldwide suffer from various mental health problems, most commonly anxiety and depression.
  • Half of all mental disorders begin to develop by the age of 14, and three-quarters by the age of 25.
  • Neuropsychiatric disorders and diseases are the leading cause of disability among young people around the world. Untimely identified and treated, they limit the ability of children and adolescents to learn and develop.
  • Children and adolescents with mental disorders face stigma leading to exclusion and discrimination. Many of them are deprived of the opportunity to study.

Healthy development during childhood and adolescence is essential for good mental health and the prevention of mental health problems later in life. Many mental health problems appear in late childhood and early adolescence.

Poor mental health can have a significant impact on the physical health and development of adolescents in general. It is associated (it can act as both a cause and a consequence) with a number of negative phenomena, such as the consumption of alcohol and drugs, the formation of other types of addictions, the manifestation of aggression and violence, and the commission of offenses.

Hereditary pathology, uncontrolled and indiscriminate use of drugs without medical indications during pregnancy and after childbirth, complicated forms of pregnancy, and perinatal complications make a great contribution to the decline in mental health. There are also early impairments in the development of cognitive functions due to chronic malnutrition, and family and social deprivation, which contribute to distortions and delays in the psychological development of children. In addition, overprotection, as well as early childhood abuse, seriously impairs the formation of self-esteem and increases the risk of developing depressive disorders in adolescence.

The listed general factors most often act convergently and through triggers associated with acute or prolonged psychosocial stressors and adverse life circumstances, contribute to the growth of mental retardation, high prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, suicide and suicidal behavior, drug addiction, antisocial behavior, behavioral disorders.

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